The climate in Peru is extremely varied. In the lowlands on the Pacific coast and in the Amazon basin, the climate is tropical. The highlands are temperate. The temperature in the capital, Quito (2,800 m asl) moves, year round, from 10 degrees at night and 21-22 degrees at the most, on the day. On the coast, the climate is humid in the north, towards the Colombian border, and becomes drier the further south you move, heading for the Peruvian desert.You can travel to Peru all year, but because the country is located south of the equator have summer from December to March and winter from June to September. The location of the tropics means that there are large variations between seasons. It rains most of the summer in the Andes and the Amazon, otherwise it is sunny on the coast. During the winter months it is cooler and drier in the Andes, and there is less rainfall in the Amazon. Fog often occur on the coast in this period. Daily temperatures on the coast vary between 25º - 35º in summer and 12º - 18º in winter. In the Andes, it is cooler because of the high altitude of 20º - 25º in the summer and colder nights and 10º - 20º in winter and cool nights. Lowlands in central and southern Peru have sunny weather during the summer with 20º - 25º and cooler in the winter of 10º - 15º when it also may become foggy stretch of coast. Passports and Visas
Nordic citizens can travel to Peru and stay for 90 days without a visa. Check that your passport is valid for at least 6 months at the date of the return trip and contains 2 unstamped pages. The passport must not be cracked or broken somewhere.Healthcare
Remember to have a comprehensive travel and medical insurance and the necessary vaccinations. Also note any immunization requirements when traveling from Peru to another country. Dengue fever, hepatitis A, malaria and yellow fever are present in different parts of Ecuador.Those who travel to high-altitude tourist destination that Quito should consider the risk of altitude sickness. This can be prevented and treated with medication. Do not drink tap water, buy water in bottles. Avoid ice cubes in drinks and other beverages. Eat well-cooked and cooked food. Please bring your family medicine. Do not forget to bring your any prescription medication. In the Andes can be altitude sickness. Symptoms are headache and nausea. For acclimatization, avoid physical activity on the first day and avoid alcoholic beverages. Eat light meals and drink plenty of water. Contact your doctor about any medication for altitude sickness. In larger cities there is access to private health care to European standard. Assurance
When traveling to Peru you should know that the country has strict customs regulations on archaeological and historical objects, and these must not be taken out of the country. Drug smuggling severely punished. You must have your eyes open at the airport so that no one put anything in your luggage before departure. Pickpockets are common in crowds. If someone is suspicious pleasant or assertive can be a pickpocket. Never leave your bag from you. Changing money at a bank or at a casa de cambio - an exchange office.Currency and exchange
The currency of Peru is Soles (PE). In Lima and Cusco (Cuzco), and even in most other cities, you can use Euros or US Dollars. ATM machines, known as ATMs, are almost everywhere. The usual known credit cards can be used at hotels, many restaurants and shops. The further out in the country you go, the harder it can be to use credit cards. Gratuities can only be paid in cash on the Galapagos cruise boats.We recommend that you switch to US dollars before your trip to Ecuador when this currency is walkable throughout Ecuador. Credit cards can be used to withdraw money from ATMs in Ecuador. Food and drinks
The Peruvian cuisine is one of the best in South America and one of the most diversified in the world, on a par with the French, Chinese and Indian cuisine. It has been discovered in recent years, for example, When The Economist wrote in 2004, "Peru can lay claim to one of the World's dozen or so great cuisines" and in 2006, at the Fourth International Gastronomy Summit in Madrid, became Lima declared that "America's gastronomic capital." Peru is known as the gastronomic capital of South America, and with a long coastline with its marine life, seafood is superb. The most popular dish is ceviche, which is made of raw fish, lime juice, onion and spices. Peruvians prepare this with pride and eat it with great pleasure.
Peru is also known for a number of other dishes Aji de Gallina - spicy stewed chicken with rice and Lomo Saltado - fried sliced beef fillets and vegetables. Peruvian beer Sierra Andina or Cerveza Cusqueña is very popular with tourists as well as the Peruvian brandy Pisco which is Peru's national drink. Peru is also known for having the best wine in South America since the wine came with the foundation of its capital Lima in 1535 and known as "City of Kings", when the first stones were placed for the construction of churches and with it the need to supply the wine of Mass for the celebration of liturgical acts. In order to achieve this objective, the first vine plantations were started in the most fertile lands. The production of Peruvian wines and cultivation of vineyards in large areas of land is carried out within the departments of Ica, Lima, Moquegua, Arequipa, Ancash and La Libertad, the highest production is mainly in Ica because it is located as close to The southern strip of wine and a long tradition of growing strains, which has allowed a good production of the best wine.
You can eat internationally all over the country, but try some domestic specialties: humitas and tamales that are made of corn and wrapped in leaves. Ceviche, Anticuchos and Locro, a soup made of stewed potatoes and cheese and topped by an avocado. There are many fine restaurants in the major cities.Shopping
Handicrafts, why not buy accessories of the finest Alpaca wool such as: Alpaca pillow, Alpaca Teddy Bears, sweaters, poncho, scarves, gloves, jacket, chullo hat, cape, socks and more. Please ask the tour conductor at SIERRA TOURS for the purchase and shopping.Receipt of air tickets
We will send your itinerary as soon as the flight is booked. Here you can see how the itinerary will look like. We use electronic tickets, which you will printing before your trip. At the same time, you get a e-mail letter with more information about the trip, including a phone number so that you can always get in touch with one of us on SIERRA TOURS, even outside office hours.Upgrade flight seats
Today, many airlines are upgrading reserved tickets for seats with extra space and comfort, including Economy Comfort, KLM and the Premium Voyageur Air France. We can not upgrade to these seats, but it can often doing yourself through the airline's website. We're not reserve seats with extra benplats, such as those at the emergency exit in flight. If you need extra space, we recommend that you check in at the airport as early as possible on the date of departure and ask for help there.Transfers to and from airports
Upon arrival at various airports in Ecuador you will be picked up by our local representative who will stand at the arrival hall with a sign with your name on it. Upon departure to your next trip we will assist you to the airport. You will know when you are going to be collected at the hotel.Vaccinations
Make sure you are up-to-date on routine vaccines before every trip. These vaccines include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot. Remember to bring documentation regarding travel / medical insurance.
Ask your doctor what vaccines and medicines you need based on where you are going, how long you are staying, what you will be doing, and if you are traveling from a country other than the US or EU.Other information
- Local time: Peru has Swedish time minus 7 hours. When the time is 12:00 on the day of Sweden's 5 in the morning in Cusco (Cuzco).
- Electricity: In Peru, comes to 220 volts. You need an adapter that can be purchased on the technical-shop anywhere. At the hotel portion can borrow adapter.
- Luggage: We use many different airlines to your travel destination, therefore it can vary how much and how many kilos you can bring in both checked and carry-on baggage. See details on your ticket or contact us if you have questions. It happens occasionally checked luggage goes astray. Unpack therefore essential medicines with a certificate from your doctor in your hand luggage. The same applies for you personal property and valuables.
- Tipping: Sometimes include bars and restaurants, automatic 10% gratuity to the bill. It is not customary to tip taxi drivers.
- Language: Spanish is the official language, but the traditional Quechua language used by the majority of the ancient inca population, there's around 9 million ancient Inca descendants in Peru who speaks Quechua today. English works well in larger cities and tourist attractions throughout Peru.
- Travel Insurance: Check what your insurance or your insurance card cover when traveling to Ecuador. It is recommended to have a comprehensive medical and travel insurance in Peru.